Virechan commonly known as induced purgation is one of the five major cleansing therapies of Panchakarma. It is advocated predominantly for elimination and purification of Pitta Dosha. Medicines prepared from purgative plants, such as common milk hedge (Snuhi), or purging croton (Jaiphal) are used for this purpose. Before Virechan is administered, there are three procedures which are employed, namely Paachan (Digestion), Snehan (Oleation therapy) and Swedan (diaphoresis).
Purgation is employed to people suffering from chronic skin disorders, diabetes, fistula, hemorrhoids, ascites, anemia, migraine, asthma, cough, jaundice, edema, gout and liver diseases.
Persons having anal fissure, anorectal bleeding, anorexia, indigestion, fever; persons suffering from alcoholism; weak persons; pregnant women and persons above the age of 65 years or below age of 15 years should not be given induced purgation.
- After the oleation therapy and diaphoresis is properly administered, a light diet at night, and next morning is advised, the purgative medicine, i.e., powder of Indian Jalap is given in the dose of 1-3 gm., along with honey.
- After which purgation or the elimination of toxins through stools begins. The frequency, quantity, and physical examination of stools, i.e., color and consistency is observed. Blood pressure, pulse, respiration chart is maintained to keep a check on dehydration.
Signs and Symptoms
Ideally, fecal matter excretion is followed by Pitta Dosha, Kapha Dosha and Vata Dosha respectively. Lightness of the body and an increase in appetite is noticed. The intestinal spasms to expel the fecal matter subside naturally, after the complete elimination of the accumulated toxins.
Complications of Improper Purgation
Incomplete purgation could cause the intestinal spasms to subside prematurely. A feeling heaviness or fullness of stomach, vomiting and blockage of passage of flatus is likely. Excessive purgation causes giddiness, dehydration, weakness, restlessness and muscular cramps.
Post Purgation procedures
Diet should be on the lines of Sansarjan Krama